Prior to leaving the European Union, the United Kingdom was Ireland’s largest European trading partner. The “land bridge” for its trade within the EU. After Brexit, tariff controls and spending were introduced between the EU and the United Kingdom Change: Ireland trades more and more directly with European countries on the continent Also go to the UK.
The changing nature of Irish maritime trade is first seen by some Information: Since January 2021 – Britain’s exit from the Union – to date, the total tonnage of the port of Dublin has fallen by 3.3 per cent, with a significant change in the direction of exports. Cargo loads from Ireland to English ports (especially Liverpool, Holyhead and Heisham) actually dropped by 21.2 per cent, while those carried to European ports (especially Rotterdam, Jeeprook, Antwerp and Cherbourg).
Prior to Brexit, nearly two-thirds of Irish exports went to the UK: today they are halved between the UK and the mainland of Europe, where traffic is expected to grow further.
The development of direct maritime trade with European countries without landing in the United Kingdom also led to a change in the type of boats used to carry Irish goods: Brexit was used above all else RO-RO ships (Gives Roll-on, Rotate and fall), I.e. wagons, lorries and other wheelers carrying goods. They were useful before Brexit because they were allowed to pass The English “land bridge” in a very short time (About 15 hours Travel) Before reaching the European continent.
Now, with customs restrictions on English soil, it would be better for Ireland to “bypass” the United Kingdom and reach the European continent directly, albeit on a long voyage, only by sea. 24 ore. So Ireland began to use more and more “LO-LO” ships (from Lift-on, Lifting), I.e. those who have cranes on board, unloading and unloading cargo at the ports of arrival and departure on their own, without the need for vehicles.
Come he said Al Financial Times Eamonn O’Reilly, one of Dublin’s port managers, said LO-LO ships were cheaper and easier to navigate once they reached European countries: from January to September this year, their use increased. 14 percent (and, albeit less, the use of RO-RO vessels However it has moved on Towards the European continent).
In line with these changes, Ireland is transforming and strengthening its ports: investing 1. 1.6 billion in a 30-year expansion plan for Dublin Port, which, among other things, will enlarge the terminal levied on LO-LO. Not enough depending on the needs at this time. Ireland in October Is open A new terminal in Dunkirk, France, will be the hub of a new route, starting from the port of Dublin, but starting from Rosler, which is further south, so it has quicker access to the European continent.
– read more: Effects of Brexit, so far