Battle for Odessa Port –

20 million tons of grain are still in Ukrainian pits. Russian navy blocks trade traffic, Ukrainians aim to retake Snake Island to break siege

Odessa was only touched by the war, but its port – most importantly in the Black Sea – was blocked by the Russians. From the beginning of Vladimir Putin’s special military operation: Ships docked at ports prevent the export of grain and other agricultural productsThey will stifle the Ukrainian economy, but above all they risk provoking Global food crisis This particularly affects poor countries. The Russian government thinks so Using food as a weapon Its invasion can lead to unattainable results: To break the sentiment of the Ukrainian people, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said in a speech to the United Nations on Thursday. Food for millions of Ukrainians and people around the world – he continued – is actually hostage.

The allegations were dismissed by Moscow, where former President Dmitry Medvedev – now head of the Security Council – said. The Russians are not fools and will not export food unless they are subject to severe sanctions: A denial, in fact, confirms Blingen’s words. There were no crises, Medvedev argued in the Telegram. Russia knows how to produce crops that require special people, equipment and fertilizers: we have the ability to ensure food for other countries, and they only prevent us. Russia and Ukraine together produce about a third of the world’s wheatIn 2019 9% of world exports departed from Kiev, but 16% maize, 10% barley and Sunflower oil 42%. From Russia and Belarus – Loyal shoulder of the Kremlin – Comes with 40% potash, a fertilizer.

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Since the presence of Russian troops The night of February 24th crossed the border, The prices of all these goods began to rise, Along with petrol: Even in Italian supermarkets it is not difficult to see signs of restricting products based on sunflower oil that can be purchased by customers. Russia says Ukrainians are blocking foreign ships in their ports, which has undermined regional seas.The decision to use food as a weapon for the Blinkan rests solely with Moscow: 20 million tons of unused grain lie in Ukrainian pits As global stocks fall and prices rise, he told the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres is trying to make a deal Ukraine allows resumption of exports and Russia allows resumption of food and fertilizer production for world markets.

Since the beginning of the war 8 merchant ships were attackedOne – Held – probably sank in Odessa after hitting a mine: according to the International Maritime Organization, As of April 20, 84 boats and 500 crew were stranded in Ukrainian ports.Insurance premiums are prohibited for those planning to travel in the area.

So naval warfare is also conducted in trade routes Moreover, Lawrence Friedman, a British professor, argues that when the second phase of the war is over, the great naval powers will be able to push themselves to break the blockade imposed by the Russians. If in the domain The military is focusing on Donbass, The situation at sea is very complex and changing. Initially, the Russian Black Sea Fleet achieved rapid success, On February 25 the snake captured the islandOdessa beach, and the ship sank Slovenesk In early March.

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In retaliation, the Ukrainians sunk the ship Moskva With Two Neptune missiles in mid-April, A massive retreat, strengthened the confidence of the opposition and sowed caution in the enemy. Since then, Kiev has tried several tests Need to recapture the island of snakes, A rock outpost 35 km off the coast is of great strategic value: Under maritime law, the land is ruled by the sea and whoever controls the island controls the 12 nautical miles around it, a walkway that allows the Russians to re-activate the suffocating trade routes.

Once the Kerch Strait, which connects the Sea of ​​Azov and the Black Sea, was closed, ships and submarines stopped in front of Odessa and other ports. The Russians prevented merchant ships from leaving and effectively imposed a sea siege, Which extends from the early stages of the conflict. A waterfall attack on Odessa was feared for several weeks, but it never happened, meanwhile The Ukrainians established floating mines on the coast. Meanwhile, warships and submarines of the invaders continued to target Ukrainian cities with cruise missiles, weapons to destroy military bases, but also to intimidate civilians.

Russia has failed to consolidate its positionBecause Turkey – Appealed to the Montrooks Conference of 1936It allows warring nations to close their waters – Confederation ships docked at Syrian ports And blocked the circulation of naval assets: a ban Russia is said to be violating using civilian cargo.

May 21, 2022 (Change May 21, 2022 | 21:48)

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